cracking, yellowing and breaking of this precious gem. For this reason, in this article, in addition to a brief introduction to pearls and an explanation of how it is formed, we will explain the points that are necessary to maintain different types of pearls. Follow the Amin jewellery blog.
An overview of pearls and their types
Pearls can be considered one of the most valuable gemstones of all time. This stone has been used for decoration since ancient Greece. Even in the sixteenth century, England was called the "Pearl Age" because at that time, this precious stone had a special and unique place in this country. In ancient times, the pearl was a symbol of the moon and was associated with magical properties. Of course, the ancient Chinese considered this precious stone as a fire-fighting and anti-dragon spell, and there were other societies in the world that considered pearls as a symbol of purity and chastity.
The most famous pearl in the world is a pear-shaped white pearl called "La Pergrina" which is taken from salt water and was given tohis wife Marie in the 16th century by the Spanish prince Philip II. Finally, Richard Burton bought the pearl and presented it to Elizabeth Taylor, a famous Hollywood actress.
Pearls are produced by a soft animal called an oyster. In this way, when a foreign object such as sand particles or a small sea creature enters the shell and comes in contact with their soft and sensitive body, it causes irritation and itching of the soft body. To relieve itself, the animal secretes layers of its shell around the foreign body. These concentric layers gradually turn into pearls.
The usual size of pearls is often between 7 and 9.5 mm, which is considered to be the most popular size of this gemstone. The shape of the pearl is almost always round. But it may also be found in nature in other forms, such as pears or irregular shapes. Pearls are also found in nature in burgundy, khaki, black, grey, blue and yellow.
In general, you should know that in the jewellery industry, two types of original and cultured pearls are used. The original pearl, which is known to be caught by nature. But breeding models are produced in laboratory environments.
The hardness of pearls is 2.5 on the mouse scale. This means that the stone is very soft and brittle and is prone to scratches. But by following the tips below, you can take good care of your pearl jewellery and keep it healthy forever.
The durability and strength of pearls are not bad, but over time, drying and sometimes excessive whitening during manufacture may cause the jewellery to be vulnerable.
Never soak pearl products in water. Do not go to the bathroom or pool with the original pearl as this will weaken the silk texture and may eventually lead to torn strands.
Do not expose pearls to direct sunlight. Do not use in places with very high temperatures such as saunas.
If vinegar, juice or detergent is spilled on the pearl, clean it immediately with a damp cloth and then dry it with another cloth.
Pearls are extremely sensitive to acid, alkali and moisture. To maintain the radiance of this stone, you should keep it away from contact with cosmetics, hair spray or perfume.
The best time to use pearl jewellery is to use it after wearing all the clothes, complete makeup and using perfume and spray.
destroys pearls. For this reason, try to use pearls in a way that is not in direct contact with your skin.
Never store your pearls with other jewellery as they will scratch easily. Gemstones may even damage the surface of the pearl.
Do not put pearl jewellery in plastic bags, but always wrap it in a box or silk cloth that comes with the sale to keep it healthy.
Never wash pearls with chemical detergents as this will reduce the lustre of the pearl surface. Especially detergents that contain bleach or ammonia.
Never expose pearls to high temperatures as they contain natural substances and water, and high temperatures can cause them to crack and break.
Never put pearls in ultrasonic devices or heater cleaners. The best way to clean pearls is lukewarm water solution and mild soap. After washing this stone, be sure to dry it immediately with a soft, lint-free cloth.
The best way to preserve a pearl is to dry it with a soft, clean cloth each time you use it. This removes excess sweat or any chemicals such as perfume or cosmetics.
When you put the pearl in the box for a long time, it becomes dehydrated, so try to use it once in a while.
High temperatures can cause the surface of the pearl to crack, lose its colour and even break the stone.
Pearls are generally resistant to light, but the heat from intense light causes the pearls to dry out and lose moisture, resulting in nothing but cracking and prone to breakage.
If the pearl is exposed to chemicals and acids, it will definitely have a problem. This means that if hair spray, perfume, cologne, cosmetics or even body sweat come in contact with pearls, the health of this stone will be endangered. Therefore, we recommend that in case of such a problem, be sure to wash and dry the pearl immediately.
Pearls are painted in different colours. These decorations will disappear over time, but if you use them properly, you can enjoy the beauty of these ornaments for a longer time.
One of the main reasons pearls turn yellow is that they dry out over time. If there is no moisture and air flow in the pearl storage, its organic structure will change. When the pearl dries over time, it loses its colour and turns yellow.
The reason for the drying of the pearl also depends on how it is stored. Most people mistakenly put pearls in plastic bags and then store them in a warm, dry place. They also use their pearl jewellery very late. All of these factors go hand in hand to cause pearls to turn yellow.
Pearl necklaces should be opened and reassembled every few years. To prevent further wear and tear, jewellers attach pearl beads in silk threads.